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Friday, January 21, 2011

Art and Literature of the Great Depression

Literature


Many of America's most distinguished writers produced works of fiction during the thirties.  The list includes such names as F. Scott Fitzgerald,Ernest HemingwayJohn Dos Passos, and Thornton Wilder.  Some of the novels of this period explored what was happening in the country during the Great Depression.


Art & Architecture


The arts, like everything else in the 30's, were dominated by the Great Depression. In the 1930's this discipline was supported by government programs such as the Public Works of Art Project and later the Federal Art Project. The artists employed by these projects (over 5,000 at one period of time) chose themes based on American culture and history. The sculptor, Gutzon Borglum, was able to complete his Mount Rushmore Memorial with funds supplied by the WPA. Other "starving artists" were able to survive the hard times by painting murals on the lobby walls of government buildings. There were some of these individuals who became artists of note, such as Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning.

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